Madrid is a south-western European city, the largest municipality and the capital of Spain. It is the third-largest city in the European Union, after London and Berlin, and its metropolitan area is the third-largest in the European Union after Paris and London. As the capital city of Spain, seat of government, and residence of the Spanish monarch, Madrid is also the political, economic and cultural centre of Spain.
Meanwhile, prestigious museum, Museo Nacional del Prado in Madrid, is one of the largest and most important art galleries in the world. It primarily exhibits European paintings of the 14th century to the opening of 19th, collected by the Habsburgs and Bourbons.
The arts of the painters Diego Velázquez, Francisco Goya and Hieronymus Bosch are the most recognized and most abundant however there are also those of Greco, of Peter Paul Rubens, Raphael, Titian, Antonio Moro, Tintoretto, Bartolomé Esteban Murillo, Francisco de Zurbarán, Jusepe de Ribera, as well as paintings by Botticelli, Caravaggio, Albrecht Dürer, Mantegna, Rembrandt, Nicolas Poussin, Claude Lorrain, Veronese and a lot more.
The museum also holds compilations of prints and drawings and prints, one thousand sculptures finances which includes a significant collection of Roman and Greek sculptures and a large number of objects ornamental and historical records. After the development work headed by Rafael Moneo, it persistently exhibits a collection of 1300 works.
The museum has the largest collection of Spanish paintings in the world. It includes works that range from the Romanesque 12th to the end of 19th century. The collection of Gothic paintings presents anonymous authors but also paintings by Bartolomé Bermejo, Juan de Flandes, Fernando Gallego and Berruguete; Spanish renaissance is notably represented by Pedro Machuca, Juan de Juanes, Fernando Yáñez de la Almedina or Juan Correa de Vivar.
It also holds the largest collection of works by El Greco. Most artists in the most brilliant period of Spanish painting, Baroque, are represented. For the 18th century, the works of Goya include all periods and aspects of his art, be it sketches or drawings and paintings. You can also fascinate with the works ofLuis Meléndez and Luis Paret, prominent representative of Art Rococo.
The museum also has a long history in the expansion of Spanish painting of the 19th century, following to Goya. The finance involves around 3700 works of this period, almost half of the painting.
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