Tarfaya wind farm, regarded as the largest in Africa, is presently producing more than 200 MW with the commissioning of 88 turbines of 80 meters, and is provided exclusively for the National Office of Drinking Water and electricity (ONEE) as part of a purchase agreement for 20 years.
This park is well ahead of that of Ashegoda (Ethiopia), which has 84 turbines and produces nearly half megawatts, 120 MW. This site has favorable climatic conditions for wind, since the park has a load factor (that is to say an average wind turbine operation) of 45%. The total power of this park will be 300 MW.
The Tarfaya project with a total cost of € 450 million, is funded at 80% (360 million) through borrowings from Moroccan institutions and the rest from own funds equally between GDF Suez and Nareva.
Its construction was part of a big national program of the integrated wind Moroccan Project. It is spread over 10 years (2010-2020) at an estimated 31.5 billion dirhams total investment. Said project will enable the country to bring the installed electrical power, from wind power, 280 MW in 2010 to 2,000 MW in 2020. Potentially, therefore, is the development of 1,720 MW which is expected by 2020: Tarfaya (300 MW), Akhfenir (200 MW), Bab El Oued (50 MW), Haouma (50 MW) and Jebel Khalladi (120 MW).
Five other locations with an aggregate capacity of 1,000 MW are also affected: Tanger 2 (150 MW), El Baida Koudia in Tetouan (300 MW), Taza (150 MW), Tiskrad in Laayoune (300 MW) and Boujdour (100 MW). In time, the integrated wind Moroccan Project aspires to amplify the share of wind energy in the total power capacity to 14% by 2020 and save fuel 1.5 million tonnes oil equivalent annually, or 750 million dollars.
This will avoid the emission of 5.6 million tonnes of CO2 per year. The integrated combined wind power to other renewable energy projects, such as the Moroccan Solar Plan (200 MW in 2020), are the fruit of Morocco’s energy strategy adopted in 2009 It aims to project to bring to 42% the share of renewable energy in energy production.